Judo Throws – this the Ultimate Guide to all 40 Throws of the Gokyo no Waza. Learn every judo technique. See animations of each throw. Get tips from champions. Mark your progress with a free technique tick-chart.
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Want to find out how to do a judo throw?
The Gokyo no Waza is the standard syllabus of judo throws, as revised by the Kodokan in 1920, in Tokyo, Japan.
The Gokyo is made up of a total of 40 throws (5 groups of 8 techniques) – and they are all listed below.
Click the technique name (below) to go to the animation and full tutorial.
De-ashi-baraiHiza-guruma Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi Uki-goshiO-soto-gariO-goshi O-uchi-gariSeoi-nage
“50 Throws and Holds,” is our best-selling judo technique book for juniors. It contains the complete Judo Syllabus known as The Gokyo. That’s 40 judo throws. Plus there are 10 ground-work (newaza) turnovers and hold downs.
You can buy Fifty Throws and Holds in the Shop.
Each technique is fully illustrated, with a clear step-by-step tutorial. With pictures of all the judo throws it is easier to visualise, learn and recall the techniques.
Download: All the Judo Throws in the Gokyo (pdf file)
Want to keep track of the techniques you learn? Well, lucky for you, we have just the thing. A technique tick-chart, with all the judo throws listed
Click to download a handy check list of every judo throw.
Mark your progress. Tick off the techniques as you learn them, and star them if they are your tokei-waza (favourite judo move.)
Download your judo throws list now!
Feeling energetic? If you are, choose your favourite throws from the list below and attempt the Uchi-Komi Challenge.
The Complete GokyoBest Judo Throws Teaching TechniqueJudo Techniques for BeginnersAdvanced Judo Techniques67 Throws of Kodokan JudoJudo Groundwork TechniquesTechnique Teaching Resources
With so many judo throws to learn it’s difficult to know where to begin.
There are judo techniques for beginners. Other more suitable for yellow or orange belt judoka. And then there are some really advanced judo techniques.
Over time, you will specialise in those techniques that work best for you.
But at the beginning, don’t specialise. Instead aim to learn and understand all the throws of the Gokyo.
The more you learn the better, both to know how to defend as well as attack.
Each time you study a new throw focus on the following:
What are the basic judo throws? Which techniques are suitable for novice and beginner judoka?
The British Judo Association recommends, starting with these ten techniques.
Always learn to throw both to the right (migi) and to the left (hidari), starting slowly, then introduce speed, movement and combinations.
Now that is a difficult question to answer.
My judo coach would say: The best throw is the one that works!
The best’ judo throw varies from judoka to judoka. Certain throws suit tall judoka better than smaller judoka.
There are throws that demand a lot of strength, and others that require skill and timing.
But don’t worry. It doesn’t matter what size, or ability or strength you are we guarantee there will be a judo throw to suit you.
You will find what your best judo throws are over time.
These are my top ten throws because they cover all eight throwing directions (backwards, forwards, to both sides, and towards all four diagonals.)
Learn to throw in all directions and you’ll have the advantage when up against different opponents.
Building a range of technique. Keep that range as wide as possible. Take a look at your own judo. Where you are strongest and weakest? Is there are direction you can’t throw towards? If so, pick an appropriate throw and begin to study it.
Once you have built up a range of throws, learn how to link two throws together to make a combination.
You can use the ten throws listed above to build endless combinations: like Ouchi-Gari into Uchi-Mata, or De-Ashi-Barai into Osoto-Gari, or Uchi-Mata into Sumi-Gaeshi or… this list goes on, there are so many to choose from!
Learning renzoku-waza (linking throws in different directions) and renraku-waza (linking throws in the same direction) is the next step in mastering the sport of judo.
These ten throws form the basis to two coaching resource packs. Judo coaches! Take a look at Top Ten Throws and Advanced Judo Combinations.
You need to learn techniques to progress up the grades. Do you know what you need to learn to get to the next colour belt?
Here are a few recommendations for suitable techniques to learn depending on your judo grade.
De-Ashi-Barai and Uki-Goshi are great judo throws for children holding a red or white belt. Combine it with a follow up into groundwork judo with the hold down: Kuzure Kesa-Gatame.
British Judo recommends Tai-Otoshi and Ippon Seoi-Nage for intermediate judoka who are grading up to yellow belt.
For judoka studying for their orange belt choose from: Ko-Uchi-Gari, Tsuri-Komi-Goshi, O-Goshi, Osoto-Gari, Kosoto-Gari, Kosoto-Gake and Morote Seoi-Nage.
For full technical syllabus requirements visit the website of your National Governing Body:
British Judo Association
Advanced judo techniques require a high degree of control and timing. These should only be done by high-grade judoka, and only then under supervision.
Important: Although officially recognised by Kodokan Judo, some of these throws are prohibited for junior judoka and some (any that include touching the trouser leg or belt for example) are banned at International competition.
There are also advanced ways of doing basic judo moves. The UK company, Fighting Films specialises in filming world-class competitors demonstrating their specialised versions of judo throws.
Sign up to Superstar judo or watch these three video clips from Fighting Films available on You Tube to see some remarkable and technically advanced judo.
Here are 3 basic techniques performed expertly by world class champions:
Kosoto off the grip
one handed Seoinage
drop knee Tai-Otoshi
The Shinmeisho no Waza is the complete range of throws recognised by the Kodokan (see below for a full list).
In 1982, the Kodokan added 8 traditional judo throws and 17 modern judo techniques to the 40 throws of the Gokyo. Then in 1997, two more throws were added, to make the 67 official throws recognised by the Kodokan.
Visit the Kodokan official website to download the list of all 67 Throws of Kodokan Judo in English and Japanese.
Kodokan means in English: “a place to teach the path,” and this was the name Jigoro Kano gave to his training hall.
Today, the Kodokan, in Tokyo, Japan is the mecca of international judo. Over eight floors, the Kodokan has a Main Dojo, a Women’s Dojo, a School Dojo, an International Dojo, a Boys Dojo and a Special Dojo.
1 Seoi-nage 2 Ippon-seoi-nage 3 Seoi-otoshi 4 Tai-otoshi 5 Kata-guruma 6 Sukui-nage 7 Obi-otoshi 8 Uki-otoshi 9 Sumi-otoshi 10 Yama-arashi 11 Obi-tori-gaeshi 12 Morote-gari 13 Kuchiki-taoshi 14 Kibisu-gaeshi 15 Uchi-mata-sukashi 16 Ko-uchi-gaeshi
1 Uki-goshi 2 O-goshi 3 Koshi-guruma 4 Tsurikomi-goshi 5 Sode-tsurikomi-goshi 6 Harai-goshi 7 Tsuri-goshi 8 Hane-goshi 9 Utsuri-goshi 10 Ushiro-goshi
1 De-ashi-harai 2 Hiza-guruma 3 Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi 4 O-soto-gari 5 O-uchi-gari 6 Ko-soto-gari 7 Ko-uchi-gari 8 Okuri-ashi-harai 9 Uchi-mata 10 Ko-soto-gake 11 Ashi-guruma 12 Harai-tsurikomi-ashi 13 O-guruma 14 O-soto-guruma 15 O-soto-otoshi 16 Tsubame-gaeshi 17 O-soto-gaeshi 18 O-uchi-gaeshi 19 Hane-goshi-gaeshi 20 Harai-goshi-gaeshi 21 Uchi-mata-gaeshi
1 Yoko-otoshi 2 Tani-otoshi 3 Hane-makikomi 4 Soto-makikomi 5 Uchi-makikomi 6 Uki-waza 7 Yoko-wakare 8 Yoko-guruma 9 Yoko-gake 10 Daki-wakare 11 O-soto-makikomi 12 Uchi-mata-makikomi 13 Harai-makikomi 14 Ko-uchi-makikomi 15 Kani-basami *a prohibited waza for competition 16 Kawazu-gake *a prohibited waza
Groundwork judo is known as ne-waza in Japanese. Osaekomi-waza means hold downs.
1 Kesa-gatame 2 Kuzure-kesa-gatame 3 Ushiro-kesa-gatame 4 Kata-gatame 5 Kami-shiho-gatame 6 Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame 7 Yoko-shiho-gatame 8 Tate-shiho-gatame 9 Uki-gatame 10 Ura-gatame
Shime-waza and Kansetsu-waza mean strangle-holds and arm-locks are are only allowed to be performed advanced adult judoka.
1 Nami-juji-jime 2 Gyaku-juji-jime 3 Kata-juji-jime 4 Hadaka-jime 5 Okuri-eri-jime 6 Kataha-jime 7 Katate-jime 8 Ryote-jime 9 Sode-guruma-jime 10 Tsukkomi-jime 11 Sankaku-jime 12 Do-jime* a prohibited waza*
1 Ude-garami2 Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame3 Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame4 Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame5 Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame6 Ude-hishigi-hara-gatame7 Ude-hishigi-ashi-gatame8 Ude-hishigi-te-gatame9 Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame10 Ashi-garami* a prohibited waza
It helps to know some Japanese to understand the technique names. Once you get a basic grasp of body parts then the Japanese name begins to make sense.
Te = handAshi = footHiza = kneeSode = sleeveUde = armEri = collarKoshi = hipGuruma = wheelMae = forwardsYoko = sidewaysUshiro = backwards
To end this Ultimate Guide to Every Judo Technique here are our top five technical resources to be used both by judoka learning skills and coaches teaching them.
For more visit our Shop or Coaching Resource page.
So that, my judo friends, is that! Our ultimate guide to every judo throw there is. Please do link to this page from your club website – or click a share button and share to social media. Thank you!