Judo Throws – this is the Ultimate Guide to all 40 Throws of the Gokyo no Waza. Here, you can learn every judo technique there is in the Judo Syllabus.
Learn by watching animations of each waza. Each judo technique is animated, to help you visualise the throw before you try it.
Find out how link throws into combinations and discover the counters you need to watch out for!
And why not keep track? Mark your progress with a free technique tick-chart. Tick the throws off as you learn them, and star your tokui-waza.
Download: Free Technique Tick Chart (pdf file)
Coaches and Website owners, please link to us! Direct your judoka to this page using this link:https://www.kokakids.co.uk/judo-throws
First things first though. You are probably asking this question:
What’s the Gokyo?
Glad you asked! The Gokyo is basically a syllabus – a collection of judo throws.
It was last revised by The Kodokan, judo’s headquarters in Tokyo Japan in 1920.
There are a total of 40 judo throws. And these techniques (waza) are grouped into five groups, each group consisting of eight techniques.
Click the name of the judo throw (below) to watch the animation and go to the full tutorial.
De-ashi-baraiHiza-guruma Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi Uki-goshiO-soto-gariO-goshi O-uchi-gariSeoi-nage
This book will help you learn how to do 50 different judo throws.
“50 Throws and Holds,” is our best-selling judo technique book for junior judoka of all abilities.
Each technique is fully illustrated, with a clear step-by-step tutorial. With pictures of all the judo throws it is easier to visualise, learn and recall the techniques.
You can buy Fifty Throws and Holds in the Shop.
Download: All the Judo Throws in the Gokyo (pdf file)
Want to keep track of the techniques you learn? Well, lucky for you, we have just the thing. A technique tick-chart, with all the judo throws listed
Click to download a handy check list of every judo throw.
Feeling energetic? If you are, choose your favourite throws from the list below and attempt the Uchi-Komi Challenge.
Use this menu to jump to different sections:
The Complete GokyoBest Judo Throws Teaching TechniqueJudo Techniques for BeginnersAdvanced Judo Techniques67 Throws of Kodokan JudoJudo Groundwork TechniquesTechnique Teaching Resources
The more waza you learn the better judoka you will be!
At the beginning, don’t specialise. Aim to learn and understand as many techniques as you can.
Always learn to throw both to the right (migi) and to the left (hidari).
Study each technique, starting slowly until you get the hang of it. The build up some speed, and when you’re ready add in movement.
Here are the secrets to mastering any technique…
Yes, that’s right! These seven points apply to all judo moves. Keep coming back to these key points, as you study a new waza and your judo will keep getting better.
There are judo techniques for beginners, and then there are some really advanced judo techniques that should only be done by experts (which we take a look at later in this post).
If you are unsure, what is appropriate for your level ask your sensei. And always ask your judo coach before attempting anything new.
For a quick answer to which techniques are suitable for novice and beginner judoka see this list from The British Judo Association.
Now that is a difficult question to answer.
My judo coach would say: The best throw is the one that works!
The best’ judo throw varies from judoka to judoka. Certain throws suit tall judoka better than smaller judoka.
There are throws that demand a lot of strength, and others that require skill and timing.
But don’t worry. It doesn’t matter what size, or ability or strength you are we guarantee there will be a judo throw to suit you.
You will find what your best judo throws are over time.
These are my top ten throws because they cover all eight throwing directions (backwards, forwards, to both sides, and towards all four diagonals.)
Learn to throw in all directions and you’ll have the advantage when up against different opponents.
Building a range of technique. Keep that range as wide as possible. Take a look at your own judo. Where you are strongest and weakest? Is there are direction you can’t throw towards? If so, pick an appropriate throw and begin to study it.
Once you have built up a range of throws, learn how to link two throws together to make a combination.
You can use the ten throws listed above to build endless combinations: like Ouchi-Gari into Uchi-Mata, or De-Ashi-Barai into Osoto-Gari, or Uchi-Mata into Sumi-Gaeshi or… this list goes on, there are so many to choose from!
Learning renzoku-waza (linking throws in different directions) and renraku-waza (linking throws in the same direction) is the next step in mastering the sport of judo.
These ten throws form the basis to two coaching resource packs. Judo coaches! Take a look at Top Ten Throws and Advanced Judo Combinations.
You need to learn techniques to progress up the grades. Do you know what you need to learn to get to the next colour belt?
Here are a few recommendations for suitable techniques to learn depending on your judo grade.
De-Ashi-Barai and Uki-Goshi are great judo throws for children holding a red or white belt. Combine it with a follow up into groundwork judo with the hold down: Kuzure Kesa-Gatame.
British Judo recommends Tai-Otoshi and Ippon Seoi-Nage for intermediate judoka who are grading up to yellow belt.
For judoka studying for their orange belt choose from: Ko-Uchi-Gari, Tsuri-Komi-Goshi, O-Goshi, Osoto-Gari, Kosoto-Gari, Kosoto-Gake and Morote Seoi-Nage.
For full technical syllabus requirements visit the website of your National Governing Body:
British Judo Association
Advanced judo techniques require a high degree of control and timing. These should only be done by high-grade judoka, and only then under supervision.
Important: Although officially recognised by Kodokan Judo, some of these throws are prohibited for junior judoka and some (any that include touching the trouser leg or belt for example) are banned at International competition.
There are also advanced ways of doing basic judo moves. The UK company, Fighting Films specialises in filming world-class competitors demonstrating their specialised versions of judo throws.
Sign up to Superstar judo or watch these three video clips from Fighting Films available on You Tube to see some remarkable and technically advanced judo.
Here are 3 basic techniques performed expertly by world class champions:
Kosoto off the grip
one handed Seoinage
drop knee Tai-Otoshi
The Shinmeisho no Waza is the complete range of throws recognised by the Kodokan (see below for a full list).
In 1982, the Kodokan added 8 traditional judo throws and 17 modern judo techniques to the 40 throws of the Gokyo. Then in 1997, two more throws were added, to make the 67 official throws recognised by the Kodokan.
Visit the Kodokan official website to download the list of all 67 Throws of Kodokan Judo in English and Japanese.
Kodokan means in English: “a place to teach the path,” and this was the name Jigoro Kano gave to his training hall.
Today, the Kodokan, in Tokyo, Japan is the mecca of international judo. Over eight floors, the Kodokan has a Main Dojo, a Women’s Dojo, a School Dojo, an International Dojo, a Boys Dojo and a Special Dojo.
1 Seoi-nage 2 Ippon-seoi-nage 3 Seoi-otoshi 4 Tai-otoshi 5 Kata-guruma 6 Sukui-nage 7 Obi-otoshi 8 Uki-otoshi 9 Sumi-otoshi 10 Yama-arashi 11 Obi-tori-gaeshi 12 Morote-gari 13 Kuchiki-taoshi 14 Kibisu-gaeshi 15 Uchi-mata-sukashi 16 Ko-uchi-gaeshi
1 Uki-goshi 2 O-goshi 3 Koshi-guruma 4 Tsurikomi-goshi 5 Sode-tsurikomi-goshi 6 Harai-goshi 7 Tsuri-goshi 8 Hane-goshi 9 Utsuri-goshi 10 Ushiro-goshi
Having good footwork is the key to having great judo! Adding ashi-waza to your repertoire is a must.
Ashi-waza brings movement to your judo.
Use ashi-waza to break balance. To set up for a second throw. Or to score beautiful, elegant ippons.
See our guide to the Top Five Ashi-waza for Beginners.
Better still learn all 21:
1 De-ashi-harai 2 Hiza-guruma 3 Sasae-tsurikomi-ashi 4 O-soto-gari 5 O-uchi-gari 6 Ko-soto-gari 7 Ko-uchi-gari 8 Okuri-ashi-harai 9 Uchi-mata 10 Ko-soto-gake 11 Ashi-guruma 12 Harai-tsurikomi-ashi 13 O-guruma 14 O-soto-guruma 15 O-soto-otoshi 16 Tsubame-gaeshi 17 O-soto-gaeshi 18 O-uchi-gaeshi 19 Hane-goshi-gaeshi 20 Harai-goshi-gaeshi 21 Uchi-mata-gaeshi
1 Yoko-otoshi 2 Tani-otoshi 3 Hane-makikomi 4 Soto-makikomi 5 Uchi-makikomi 6 Uki-waza 7 Yoko-wakare 8 Yoko-guruma 9 Yoko-gake 10 Daki-wakare 11 O-soto-makikomi 12 Uchi-mata-makikomi 13 Harai-makikomi 14 Ko-uchi-makikomi 15 Kani-basami *a prohibited waza for competition 16 Kawazu-gake *a prohibited waza
Groundwork judo is known as ne-waza in Japanese. Osaekomi-waza means hold downs.
1 Kesa-gatame 2 Kuzure-kesa-gatame 3 Ushiro-kesa-gatame 4 Kata-gatame 5 Kami-shiho-gatame 6 Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame 7 Yoko-shiho-gatame 8 Tate-shiho-gatame 9 Uki-gatame 10 Ura-gatame
Shime-waza and Kansetsu-waza mean strangle-holds and arm-locks are are only allowed to be performed advanced adult judoka.
1 Nami-juji-jime 2 Gyaku-juji-jime 3 Kata-juji-jime 4 Hadaka-jime 5 Okuri-eri-jime 6 Kataha-jime 7 Katate-jime 8 Ryote-jime 9 Sode-guruma-jime 10 Tsukkomi-jime 11 Sankaku-jime 12 Do-jime* a prohibited waza*
1 Ude-garami2 Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame3 Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame4 Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame5 Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame6 Ude-hishigi-hara-gatame7 Ude-hishigi-ashi-gatame8 Ude-hishigi-te-gatame9 Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame10 Ashi-garami* a prohibited waza
It helps to know some Japanese to understand the technique names. Once you get a basic grasp of body parts then the Japanese name begins to make sense.
Te = handAshi = footHiza = kneeSode = sleeveUde = armEri = collarKoshi = hipGuruma = wheelMae = forwardsYoko = sidewaysUshiro = backwards
To end this Ultimate Guide to Every Judo Technique here are our top five technical resources to be used both by judoka learning skills and coaches teaching them.
For more visit our Shop or Coaching Resource page.
So that, my judo friends, is that! Our ultimate guide to every judo throw there is. Please do link to this page from your club website – or click a share button and share to social media. Thank you!
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