Judo techniques can be split into to two main groups: groundwork (newaza) and judo throws (tachi-waza). Within those groups you’ll find:
Groundwork (ne-waza) is made up of hold downs (osae-komi) and turnovers. Senior newaza also includes armlocks (kansetsu-waza) and strangles (shime-waza) but these are forbidden for junior judoka.
Judo Throws (tachi-waza) can be further broken down into different groups; hand throws (te-waza), hip throws (koshi-waza), foot and leg throws (ashi-waza), sacrifice throws (sutemi-waza) and counter attacks (kaeshi-waza).
To help you improve your judo, we have animated all the judo techniques. As you read the judo books, watch the animations like this example of the judo throw Osoto-Gari.
Watch animations of each judo throw while you read 40 Judo Throws: Learn Every Technique.
Watch animations of all the turnovers while you read judo book: 20 Judo Turnovers Learn Groundwork.
There are 100 techniques that makes up the Kodokan List of Judo techniques, 68 of those are Nage-waza (judo throws) and 32 are Katame-waza (groundwork). In 1920 the Kodokan revised the Gokyo No Waza to include 40 principle throwing waza. You can find our complete guide to every technique in the Gokyo here. Or to to the Kodokan Judo Institute website to find out more.
Judo throws work by unbalancing your partner. Once you find that imbalance, the trick is to move, trip, rotate your opponent in that direction, so they completely lose balance and you can throw them onto their back.
The best place to learn judo throws is in a dojo (judo hall) with a sensei (judo coach) to show you. A judo throw has several stages to learn: the breaking of balance, the grip, the entry, the footwork, the lift, the rotation and the finish.
If you can not get to a dojo, then it is possible to practise judo throws alone, using resistance bands or shadow judo (tandonku-renshu). We have some tips and exercises here.
Make sure you ask the permission of your parents or guardian, and let your judo coach know you are training at home too as they will have ideas and advice. It is better to practise only the entry of the throw and not the finish if you are at home and without a proper judo mat. Try the Uchikomi Challenge.
All judo throws can be countered. To counter a technique, anticipate the entry. Be ready with your counter attack. Use your partner’s force and turn it to your own advantage.
No, judo is about a lot more than throws! There are lots of groundwork techniques to learn. Also it is important to learn the moral code and judo’s philosophy.
The main judo throws could be considered to be Morote-Seoi-Nage, Tai-Otoshi, Uchi-Mata, Osoto-Gari, Kouchi-Gari, Ouchi-Gari and Okuri-Ashi-Barai. However there are many, many more to learn. A good place to start is by learning The Gokyo.
The best judo throws (if we define best by most effective), the throws that statistically score highest, at an Olympic Games are Morote-Seoi-Nage, Tai-Otoshi, Kouchi-Gari, Ippon Seoi-Nage and Uchi-Mata.
Yes it does. Groundwork is called newaza and (in junior judo) it consists of hold downs and turnovers.
To win on the ground you must hold your opponent down for 20 seconds.
No. All judoka learn to fall safely, by rolling and breaking their fall with Ukemi. This breakfall absorbs the impact of the throw.
No judo doesn’t have kicks, but judoka do use their legs. Lots of judo techniques are done by using your feet and legs. These judo throws are known as ashi-waza.
We have the best judo books for beginners, intermediates and advanced judoka. Learn judo techniques with step by step illustrations. You can buy these judo technique books on amazon.
40 Judo ThrowsBy the end of this book you will know how to do every judo throw in the Gokyo. That’s 40 different techniques. See more about this book
20 Judo TurnoversBy the end of this book you will be able to turn your partner over from all groundwork defences. You will be a groundwork guru. See more about this book.
Learn the Hold DownsBy the end of this book you will have mastered 10 basic hold downs, plus have got to grips with newaza judo through 10 challenges. See more about this book.
Learn how to Breakfall By the end of this book you will know how to do ukemi, roll and fall safely and correctly and will have had fun trying out the 10 agility tests. See more about this book.
20 Judo DrillsBy the end of this book you will have learnt how to train to improve ten essential judo throws. See more about this book.
See the range of judo technique books.
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