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Kokakids Junior Judo

Judo Techniques – your questions answered

judo technique by koka kids

Judo techniques can be split into to two main groups: groundwork (newaza) and judo throws (tachi-waza). Within those groups you’ll find:

1. Ne-waza (groundwork judo techniques)

Groundwork (ne-waza) is made up of hold downs (osae-komi) and turnovers. Senior newaza also includes armlocks (kansetsu-waza) and strangles (shime-waza) but these are forbidden for junior judoka.

2. Tachi-waza (standing judo throws)

Judo Throws (tachi-waza) can be further broken down into different groups; hand throws (te-waza), hip throws (koshi-waza), foot and leg throws (ashi-waza), sacrifice throws (sutemi-waza) and counter attacks (kaeshi-waza).

Watch while you read

To help you improve your judo, we have animated all the judo techniques. As you read the judo books, watch the animations like this example of the judo throw Osoto-Gari.

Watch animations of each judo throw while you read 40 Judo Throws: Learn Every Technique.

Watch animations of all the turnovers while you read judo book: 20 Judo Turnovers Learn Groundwork.

Your questions, answered.

How many judo throws are there?

There are 100 techniques that makes up the Kodokan List of Judo techniques, 68 of those are Nage-waza (judo throws) and 32 are Katame-waza (groundwork). In 1920 the Kodokan revised the Gokyo No Waza to include 40 principle throwing waza. You can find our complete guide to every technique in the Gokyo here. Or to to the Kodokan Judo Institute website to find out more.

How do judo throws work?

Judo throws work by unbalancing your partner. Once you find that imbalance, the trick is to move, trip, rotate your opponent in that direction, so they completely lose balance and you can throw them onto their back.

How to do judo throws?

The best place to learn judo throws is in a dojo (judo hall) with a sensei (judo coach) to show you. A judo throw has several stages to learn: the breaking of balance, the grip, the entry, the footwork, the lift, the rotation and the finish.

How to practice judo throws alone?

If you can not get to a dojo, then it is possible to practise judo throws alone, using resistance bands or shadow judo (tandonku-renshu). We have some tips and exercises here.

How to practice judo throws at home?

Make sure you ask the permission of your parents or guardian, and let your judo coach know you are training at home too as they will have ideas and advice. It is better to practise only the entry of the throw and not the finish if you are at home and without a proper judo mat. Try the Uchikomi Challenge.

How to counter judo throws?

All judo throws can be countered. To counter a technique, anticipate the entry. Be ready with your counter attack. Use your partner’s force and turn it to your own advantage.

Is judo just throws?

No, judo is about a lot more than throws! There are lots of groundwork techniques to learn. Also it is important to learn the moral code and judo’s philosophy.

What are the main judo throws?

The main judo throws could be considered to be Morote-Seoi-Nage, Tai-Otoshi, Uchi-Mata, Osoto-Gari, Kouchi-Gari, Ouchi-Gari and Okuri-Ashi-Barai. However there are many, many more to learn. A good place to start is by learning The Gokyo.

What are the best judo throws?

The best judo throws (if we define best by most effective), the throws that statistically score highest, at an Olympic Games are Morote-Seoi-Nage, Tai-Otoshi, Kouchi-Gari, Ippon Seoi-Nage and Uchi-Mata.

Does judo have groundwork?

Yes it does. Groundwork is called newaza and (in junior judo) it consists of hold downs and turnovers.

How do you win at groundwork judo?

To win on the ground you must hold your opponent down for 20 seconds.

Do judo throws hurt?

No. All judoka learn to fall safely, by rolling and breaking their fall with Ukemi. This breakfall absorbs the impact of the throw.

Does judo have kicks?

No judo doesn’t have kicks, but judoka do use their legs. Lots of judo techniques are done by using your feet and legs. These judo throws are known as ashi-waza.

Judo Techniques Books

We have the best judo books for beginners, intermediates and advanced judoka. Learn judo techniques with step by step illustrations. You can buy these judo technique books on amazon.

40 Judo Throws
By the end of this book you will know how to do every judo throw in the Gokyo. That’s 40 different techniques. See more about this book

20 Judo Turnovers
By the end of this book you will be able to turn your partner over from all groundwork defences. You will be a groundwork guru. See more about this book.

Learn the Hold Downs
By the end of this book you will have mastered 10 basic hold downs, plus have got to grips with newaza judo through 10 challenges. See more about this book.

Learn how to Breakfall
By the end of this book you will know how to do ukemi, roll and fall safely and correctly and will have had fun trying out the 10 agility tests. See more about this book.

20 Judo Drills
By the end of this book you will have learnt how to train to improve ten essential judo throws. See more about this book.

See the range of judo technique books.


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